Wednesday, March 15, 2017

Facebook Messenger phishing scam

A phishing scam is using Facebook Messenger to spread, by telling your friends a video of them has gone viral.

Updated 20-March: My initial analysis was limited due to traveling without my laptop, and with unreliable data service. I've updated the post with a few additional domains to block, and to show the different behavior on mobile versus PC.

There’s a scam making the rounds on Facebook, making use of Facebook Messenger to spread. (Sysadmins, scroll to the bottom for a list of domains to block).

It starts when you receive a message from a friend, that simply says your name, with your profile picture designed to look like a preview of a video with hundreds of thousands of views. The implication is there is a “Facebook Video” of you that has gone viral.


The bait is a Facebook private message from a friend

Of course, this implication is false. When you click the image to see the video, one of a few things happens. On a PC, the link goes through a few forwarding addresses and ends up at a blank BlogSpot website. On mobile devices, you may see a message indicating you have won something, or you may see what appears to be a login screen for “Facebook Videos.” I’ve attached some screen shots below.

The “Facebook Videos” login screen is a phishing scam: if you “log in,” you are in fact giving your password to the scammer, who will immediately turn around and send the “video” bait to all of your contacts. This is how the scam spreads to new potential victims. I am fairly certain this is automated, effectively making this a Facebook worm that spreads as rapidly as people can be tricked.

As for the so-called prizes: more than likely, victims that try to claim the prizes will be asked for personal information and some sort of payment for “shipping fees.” Of course, there are no prizes, and anything that victims pay will be gone.




What can you do?

  1. Be very, very skeptical of any link that asks you to log in – especially if it asks you to log into the same service you got the link from (for example, a link in Facebook asking you to log into Facebook). There are very few occasions where this would legitimately occur.
     
  2. Enable “Login Verification” for your Facebook account. In the Settings menu, go into Security Settings, and check the box beside Login Verification. With this enabled, logging into Facebook from any new device requires both your password, and either a code sent to you by text message, or a code delivered through the Facebook mobile app on a device you already trust. Simply put, a stolen password is useless to a crook unless they also have control of your phone.
     
  3. If you do fall for this scam, don’t beat yourself up. The scam is designed to be believable. Change your password immediately – and then use the Security Settings menu to see where your account is logged in. You can kill off any other logged in sessions (including the device the crook has logged into).


Desktop versus Mobile differences


Interestingly, this scam detects what sort of device you are using, and adjusts the destination accordingly. After hopping through a Google URL forwarder and Google Translate (presumably to thwart security systems that detect malicious links embedded in email), I anded up at http://00x00x00x33333x00x00x00(.)blogspot(.)com, which contained the following Javascript:


        var device = navigator.userAgent
        
        if (device.match(/Iphone/i)|| device.match(/Ipod/i)|| device.match(/Android/i)|| device.match(/J2ME/i)|| device.match(/BlackBerry/i)|| device.match(/iPhone|iPad|iPod/i)|| device.match(/Opera Mini/i)|| device.match(/IEMobile/i)|| device.match(/Mobile/i)|| device.match(/Windows Phone/i)|| device.match(/windows mobile/i)|| device.match(/windows ce/i)|| device.match(/webOS/i)|| device.match(/palm/i)|| device.match(/bada/i)|| device.match(/series60/i)|| device.match(/nokia/i)|| device.match(/symbian/i)|| device.match(/HTC/i))
        {
        window.location = "http://00x00x00x00xchocholox000.blogspot.com/?"+ h(7, '')+"";
        }else
{
}


This snippet of code checks for about 20 flavors of mobile browser of mobile operating system, and if it finds a match, it instructs the browser to go to http://00x00x00x00xchocholox000(.)blogspot(.)com; otherwise it continues to load the current page.

At the time that I analyzed the code, the former page either had an error or had been disabled; on a PC it displayed only the following:

On a PC the scam leads to a blank page

On a mobile device however, the browser did continue as directed to http://00x00x00x00xchocholox000(.)blogspot(.)com, which in turn directed me to a final landing page that was one of the below scams or phish.


Example "prizes" and the "Facebook Videos" phish


Sample "prize"

Sample "prize"

Sample "prize"

The fake "Facebook Videos" login screen



Sample malicious links


The "video" link in Messenger uses google(.)com/url to redirect to translate(.)google(.)com, which in turn loads the actual malicious landing page. The landing page either randomly or through logic I have not yet identified, redirects to destinations including the following:

00x00x00x00xchocholox000(.)blogspot(.)com

00x00x00x33333x00x00x00(.)blogspot(.)com

sddzz(.)offer(.)negix(.)xyz

facebook(.)com-prize-win6(.)us

login-video(.)l0ginxvide0s(.)com

login-video(.)appxvide0s(.)com

seekverify(.)com

https://pf(.)media-rocks(.)com/

Do you have something to add? A question you'd like answered? Think I'm out of my mind? Join the conversation below, reach out by email at david (at) securityforrealpeople.com, or hit me up on Twitter at @dnlongen

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Whois David?

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I have spent the better part of two decades in information technology and security, with roots in application developer support, system administration, and network security. My specialty is cyber threat intelligence - software vulnerabilities and patching, malware, social networking risks, etc. In particular, I strive to write about complex cyber topics in a way that can be understood by those outside the infosec industry.

Why do I do this? A common comment I get from friends and family is that complex security topics give them headaches. They want to know in simple terms how to stay safe in a connected world. Folks like me and my peers have chosen to make a profession out of hacking and defending. I've been doing this for the better part of two decades, and so have a high degree of knowledge in the field. Others have chosen different paths - paths where I would be lost. This is my effort to share my knowledge with those that are experts in something else.

When not in front of a digital screen, I spend my time raising five rambunctious teens and pre-teens - including two sets of twins. Our family enjoys archery, raising show and meat rabbits, and simply enjoying life in the Texas hill country.

For a decade I served as either Commander or a division leader for the Awana Club in Dripping Springs, Texas; while I have retired from that role I continue to have a passion for children's ministry. At the moment I teach 1st through 3rd grade Sunday School. Follow FBC Dripping Springs Kids to see what is going on in our children's ministries.